8 He bindeth up the waters in his thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.
The word for cloud describes an envelope that contains water. It is reasonable to ask why it does not rend and drop what it contains?
Take a cumulus cloud with a volume of about one cubic kilometer located about two kilometer above the ground. It is a cube about one kilometer on each side. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration provide some estimates of air and cloud density and weight. In the final calculations, the 1 cubic kilometer cumulus cloud weighs 1.003 billion kilograms. However, the air also has mass, so the cloud floats because the weight of the same volume of dry air is about 1.007 billion kilograms. So, it is the lesser density of the cloud that allows it to float on the dryer and more-dense air.
Certain conditions must occur for the vapor to condense and fall as rain. It is a finely balanced course. You are at liberty to ask how Job knows about it, and the answer is God told him, how else would he know, by scientific measurement?
9 He holdeth back the face of his throne, [and] spreadeth his cloud upon it.
God’s throne is above the clouds. So the face of his throne or what we see of the place is, or was unknown to us. Everything above holds its position and the cloud is like a carpet. It does say something of the highness of God, and suggests to man that he ought to reverence one who is so high.
10 He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.
He has set bounds on the water, and they will stay there until day and night finish, for they are appointed. The water in the cloud is contained and controlled, and the water of the sea is contained and controlled. We take these things for granted, but we need to think about what it means, before we start telling God what ought to be. These bounds define the limits of the habitable.
11 The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at his reproof.
Something holds the heaven in place. The idea that it is held with pillars, as invisible as they are, is something we would not consider. But everything holds its position because it has been told to hold its position by God. They would not dare leave their appointed place. These are great forces we are talking about here. The effect of these observations is to put man in his place.
12 He divideth the sea with his power, and by his understanding he smiteth through the proud.
Take the sea as an example. God divides the sea and by this means controls the sea. The sea in the parable is described as the proud. It is described this way because nobody can tell it what to do. It does as it pleases. This is what the proud do. And there is no greater power than the sea. Yet God has subdued it by smiting. As proud as it is, it is humbled before the God of the earth.
13 By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.
To garnish the heavens is to make it appear glorious and breathtaking. This crooked serpent is in the northern sky where the axis of the North Pole points to Draco, or the crooked serpent. In the days of Job the point of the axis would have pointed to Thuban one of the stars of Draco. It now points to Polaris. Our world has developed a decided wobble over time. The constellation is not part of our world, and yet it is, and we do not even know of the effects of the change.
14 Lo, these [are] parts of his ways: but how little a portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his power who can understand?
This seems to be out of balance. We have the evidence of God’s power in the works of creation. But little is said about him and the reasons he created them, and the basis of his dealings with man, and yet, he still gets angry, and his people do not know why. We know these things and marvel, but what we need to know is not told to us. This is a complaint Job feels is justified. God needs to account to us with more information, or he can be accused of unreasonableness.