10 But none saith, Where [is] God my maker, who giveth songs in the night;
This is something the son’s of God would say, especially at the end of the day. They seek God because they love to know he is with them and near them. The fear of God, which is something that springs out of their faith, gives a song in the night.
11 Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven?
They cry after God because they want to know more about him. The beasts of the field are occupied with earthly things. The birds can know much more, for they can take a wider view. Men cry after God so they can see more than this again.
12 There they cry, but none giveth answer, because of the pride of evil men.
They only look for him when they are in trouble, and therefore he ignores them. They do not respond to him out of love, but because they want him to solve a problem that is too big for them. Do you think God should respond to them simply because they are the victim?
13 Surely God will not hear vanity, neither will the Almighty regard it.
What purpose would it serve? So he grasps the innocent from the grip of the oppressor, and they dust themselves down and continue in ignorance. It is vanity.
14 Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.
Job used to say this to someone in pain. “God is there and he will judge your issue justly.” To all who were suffering Job confirmed justice must prevail.
15 But now, because [it is] not [so], he hath visited in his anger, yet he knoweth [it] not in great extremity:
Because justice is not done according to your opinion, you assume God has visited you in his anger. This is the conclusion Job came to. He said, God should hide me till his anger is gone. In chapter 14:13 “O that you would hide me in the grave, that you would keep me secret, until your wrath be past, that you would appoint me a set time, and remember me!” Elihu says it is wrong for Job to jump to the conclusion that his suffering was because God was enraged for some unknown reason. Elihu knows it was the extremity of Job’s complaint that brought him to this conclusion, but it is necessary to clear it up, because it is wrong. Job is too close to the problem of his own suffering to think this thing through.
We can accept Elihu’s conclusion, because we have read chapters 1 and 2. God was not angry with Job. It is like concluding God is unjust because he does not hear the cry of everyone that suffers. There are many reasons he does not deliver, and he is the only one who knows.
16 Therefore doth Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplieth words without knowledge.
Job has misinterpreted God’s role in his suffering, and his arguments do not square with the facts.