Sealed it with the king’s ring

roman chariot racing

10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus’ name, and sealed [it] with the king’s ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, [and] riders on mules, camels, [and] young dromedaries. There were many different modes of transport as there are many different types of people who receive the message. The post is efficient and effective, for all men and women on the face of the earth can know.

11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey, The decree enabled them to stand together for their life against all that would assault them in the world. Those who would be protected are the little ones and the women. This is what an ecclesia is. It is a place where the Jews band together to fight against the forces that would destroy us. It exists for no other purpose. Its role is caring and sharing that ensures no one lost to the enemy.

Some have the impression the ecclesia is a place where you enforce against delinquent Jews all the laws they forget. They believe it is the role of the leaders to prevent the unworthy from entering the doors. Most of their time spent keeping people out and not letting them in, or throwing them out to take their chances in the world. They force Esther, in the house of God, before the face of God, for all the right reasons, but the reasons are their own.

12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, [namely], upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which [is] the month Adar. The decree was for a particular day. And yet every day the battle against the enemy continues. The day was for the Jews to have their revenge. That day will be one day. The enemy will assault the ecclesia and the ecclesia must take it patiently and wait for the day.

13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province [was] published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14 [So] the posts that rode upon mules [and] camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king’s commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace. Passing the decree was done at Jerusalem.

15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. The joy of events that took place two thousand years ago coming down to us today.

16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour. 17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them. It was a celebration commemorating the day of release. Many of the Gentiles became Jews because of the fear of coming under the judgments of that day. Convinced of the power of the God of Israel to deliver, they aligned themselves with the Jews just to be close to the God of Israel.


On that day

Impact concept.


As a direct result of this victory the arrangements in the kingdom passed to Esther and Mordicai. So it is with destroying him that had the power of death the arrangements in this world changed forever. Mordicai and Esther confirmed to be faithful to the king.

1 On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews’ enemy unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he [was] unto her. What Haman thought God gave him is now given to Esther and Mordicai.

2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman. The Lord was given the kingdom. His enemies began to fall before him and be under his feet. But the process was not complete, for the decree still applied to the Jews. Christ had destroyed the one who had the power of death but it was not over.

3 And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews. Putting away the mischief was not a simple matter. God’s decrees cannot be put away by men. Unlike those of the Persian kings, they cannot be changed. So it was necessary another decree be put in place that will overcome the problem presented by the first.

4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king, 5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and the thing [seem] right before the king, and I [be] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which [are] in all the king’s provinces. Even with this new arrangement Esther does not presume boldness before the king. Her conduct is as before, but she asks for a new decree made. She cannot endure to see the problems of her people.

6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred? Her concern is for her people. And this is the attitude the saints should have toward their brethren and sisters.

7 Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews. 8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king’s name, and seal [it] with the king’s ring: for the writing which is written in the king’s name, and sealed with the king’s ring, may no man reverse. A new decree is made whereby the Jews can be saved. This decree written down and distributed from one end of the kingdom to the other. There is now hope of surviving the decree that declares they must die. This decree says; that in Christ shall all be made alive.

9 Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth [day] thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language. The Bible carries this message to all who will hear. It has the seal of God on it.

Haman came to the banquet

Red and White Wine


Haman had no idea he was the target of Esther’s plan. He could not see anything amiss in his arrangements in the kingdom, and could imagine his standing improving in the eyes of the king.

1 So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen. 2 And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What [is] thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what [is] thy request? and it shall be performed, [even] to the half of the kingdom. God does not change in his attitude to the saints and opportunity remains as before. The words are gracious and encouraging and designed to help Esther expect what the result might be.

3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request. In no way does she become bold as Haman would have done. It was always in her mind an act of grace to grant anything to her, for she could not expect it as if she were worthy.

4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king’s damage. The Gibeonites were content to be bondmen and bondwomen in the kingdom of God and so should we. Haman said it was not to God’s profit he suffer them. Esther said, the enemy could not make up for the loss of those slain. These people were not perfect, but they were loyal to the king and loved the kingdom. If they could live in the kingdom in whatever role it would be enough, but they were to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish.

5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so? On what basis does a man decide what should happen to another man for God? Based on law. You simply decide who keeps it, and who does not, and wipe out those who do not. But then there are none who keep it, so there will be none to live in the kingdom under these conditions. The damage to the king will be total.

6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy [is] this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen. It is wickedness to accuse men of failing to keep God’s law, when the accusers fail to keep it themselves. It is a crime for a person to enforce laws that create innocent victims. To enact a law and enforce it without considering the affects of the legislation on those innocent, is a fraud and a lie, and wicked. The king saw immediately what Haman decreed encompassed the guilty and the innocent. He knew Esther was not a person who would commit crimes of which accused with all the other Jews. Haman becomes a false accuser.

7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath [went] into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king. Judged by the laws you apply to others. Haman in his haste to rid the kingdom of his enemies included in his net the friends of the king, the ones the king held in high regard.

8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king’s mouth, they covered Haman’s face. Haman was not forcing Esther against her will, though there is every reason the king might draw this conclusion because of his manner. The point is the dukes of Edom are willing to force the members of the ecclesia against their will, to do as they wish them to do, in the house of God, and before God’s face. You just do not do that to the friends of God. You may say, I was only applying the law as I understood it for the truth, but to God it appeared whatever it was you were doing was for your own ends and your own glory.

It is ironic Haman was hanged for something he did not do. It shows the only thing that will exclude from the kingdom is if we exercise lordship over the household and mistreat those in the house, and fail to show mercy as we need to do.

9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon. What he thought would destroy his enemy, became his own destruction. The law he was trying to enforce on others, became what condemned him, for with what judgment you judge you shall be judged.

10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king’s wrath pacified. So we have recorded the end of him that had the power of death, that is the devil or false accuser. Jesus Christ had the victory over this one. Bruised on the heel, but he struck a deadly blow to the head.

The king delights to honor

Bonus Concept

9 And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king’s most noble princes, that they may array the man [withal] whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour. He would blush if you accused him of expecting to be the king. He expected no such thing, and anyone who claimed this was one of the many troublemakers with whom he had to contend. He accepted another had this position and he was content to be thought of as worthy to assume the role.

10 Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, [and] take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king’s gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken. It came as a shock when an unworthy person such as Mordicai selected. And it will come as a shock to all who believe you have to be right to enter the kingdom, when they see who gets in. But then this has always been the message of the name of God. “I will be merciful to whom I will be merciful” and no one else asked for their opinion about whom that ought to be.

11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour. Jesus was paraded through the city of Jerusalem, but he knew it was not time. When the prophecy fulfilled which said it must occur, he went back to doing what he did before in the work of the king. It is mentioned this would occur in Zechariah 9:9 where reference appears to the king coming on a colt the foal of an ass. I suggest to this should be added the prophecy occurring in this parable.

12 And Mordecai came again to the king’s gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered. 13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every [thing] that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai [be] of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him. The Jewish authorities were appalled this happened. They would have done everything to prevent it, but it was taken out of their hands. They were mourning and covered their heads for the shame of it. The observation of the wise men and Zeresh is not profound. It was clearly true the two classes of people would not both enter into the kingdom. You are either saved by grace, or saved because you are worthy. If one class is selected, the other will be absent, because they are opposite.

14 And while they [were] yet talking with him, came the king’s chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared. With this realization things began to quickly resolve in Haman’s end.


On that night

Egyptian Pharaohs sarcophagus


There is no hiding the idea God took sleep away from the king, and his reaction revealed Mordicai’s faithfulness.

1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king. God’s memory of events is not called in question here, it just carries the idea there is no forgetting. The chronicles are the scriptures that record all relevant events. The delay also indicated. The disciples asked if the Lord would restore again the kingdom to Israel, and he said it was not for them to know. In Esther the delay signaling the period Mordicai had not received recognition for his deeds.

2 And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king’s chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus. It was a significant event. Everyone would believe those paid as guards of the kings person would not seek to harm him. And so it was difficult to see such a plot in train. Without the Lord’s exposure of the Scribes and Pharasees no one imagined such occurring. It is a betrayal of everything they uphold. Today people do not see the religious systems as a self-serving, self-perpetuating, self-interested, intent on doing everything according to a pattern of piety, but with little regard to the interests of the God they serve.

3 And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this? Then said the king’s servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done for him. Nothing done for him about recognizing his people. The recognition he will receive in the end described in such a way his own people will be appalled at their failure to know who he was.

4 And the king said, Who [is] in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king’s house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him. It is bold indeed for Haman to present himself in the court seeking entrance, when the king is indisposed as he was, distracted by lack of sleep. This is not to send the idea God needs rest, but he is often distracted by events occurring on the earth, especially to innocent victims.

5 And the king’s servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And the king said, Let him come in. 6 So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself? Haman thought he was the one God delighted in most. He could not imagine who the king wanted to honour more than himself. And so do all those who believe they are right. They might mention a few who have long died, but among the living they know of no one who tries so hard, works so long, achieves so much and is a nicer person. In this they are deluded.

7 And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delighteth to honour, 8 Let the royal apparel be brought which the king [useth] to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head. All these things belonged to the king, but this was the point. He was worthy to take the king’s place, so assuming his robes, his horse and the crown, and paraded as if he were the king, was the only way to compensate him for his goodness.

Haman refrained himself

USMC Harriers line the deck of HMS Illustrious

9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king’s gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai. The challenge of the Lord was a problem for this system. Their indignation was fierce. He would not stand up, or even move for him. The Lord showed contempt for the pious inference they were the king’s most worthy subjects.

10 Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife. Herod implied God blessed him in giving him the glory of the temple and the appearance of religious devotion. He boasted to his friends and associates about all God had done, and how he made him honorable, for he was worthy of it. Recorded at the zenith of his power he boasted and they proclaimed him a god. This is when God destroyed him. The Haman class think this way. They need to be reassured by others that their standing is as they see it. They are riddled with doubt.

11 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all [the things] wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king. He was second to no other in the eyes of the king. You do not get these things unless worthy of them, according to the system they worship. If others were more worthy they would have them as well. Since there are none who have so much, it is easy to extrapolate Haman is the most acceptable of all. Even Haman is too embarrassed to boast so openly, but this is the way he thinks, and he looks for others to confirm acceptance of him.

12 Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with the king unto the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and to morrow am I invited unto her also with the king. Not only was God pleased with him, those who were next to the king defer to him as well, making it clear his standing was equal to theirs, if not slightly above them.

13 Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king’s gate. But how could he abide the insolence of one who clearly claimed he was a hypocrite. Haman rose to his own defense, as he always does, and denounced his opponent. Those who defy the evidence are wrong, and on that account have removed themselves, and need putting out-of-the-way.

14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made. This fifty cubit high scaffold is a riddle. Take a cubit to mean eighteen inches, for it referred to the forearm, which is roughly that long, and the gallows are seventy five feet high, or the equivalent of a six-story building. Most would say they do not have any difficulty with the idea of that but it does strike you as odd. Gallows only need to be ten feet high. Anything higher is impractical, for the rope would need to be one hundred and fifty feet long to adjust to the right height for hanging.

The answer makes sense only in the parable. It carries information about the contest between Haman and Mordicai. There are nineteen references to fifty cubits in scripture. Some refer to the court of the tabernacle which was inaccessible to those other than the ones appointed. The connection intended, is the fifty cubits in Ezekiel chapter 40:15 where we take note of the fifty cubits walk between the outer wall of Ezekiel’s temple and the inner wall. Referred to nine times out of the nineteen. You could not pass over this threshold unless you are worthy. Mortals are not allowed through to the inner court. Reserved for the immortal, the glorified, the accepted, the worthy. So the gallows suggest the process by which the Lord made his way from the outer court to the inner court, and the process preventing Haman from doing so. The opposites come into play here. The Lord was hanged, and yet passed through the seventy five foot walkway. The leaders of Israel saved their own life, but did not pass through. Haman was hanged, and Mordicai remained free.

Esther stood in the inner court

Pez escorpión


We need to notice the acts of faith displayed as each member of the story plays out their role. Esther shows a remarkable and composed disposition for having gained a place, she now must put herself at risk.

1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on [her] royal [apparel], and stood in the inner court of the king’s house, over against the king’s house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house. You would not present yourself before God in a normal casual manner. He is a king, and it is proper to put on royalty, for the occasion is high. He always sits in his royal throne, in his royal house in the inner court, over against the gate of the house, where he resolves issues of law.

2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that [was] in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the scepter. That she gained favor is the issue. God will hold out the scepter if we believe he will, even though we have no right to be there, because we are not worthy to be there. It is part of the process we draw near and touch the top of the scepter for his authority and power.

3 Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what [is] thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom. All that is promised is half of the kingdom, or the right to reign with Christ in the kingdoms of men. It will be given if you believe through Christ it may. God is expecting our requests. Our approach is for this purpose, so the question is asked, and the promise of success is extended.

4 And Esther answered, If [it seem] good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him. The question of what is suitable to ask is asked. If a saint ask God to come to a banquet of wine, he will attend, for he delights in this. That she prepared for the occasion is important as well. She needs to make sure all arrangements are in place. That Haman is to be there confirms the two classes of people grow up together.

5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared. Haman must attend and is not reluctant in any way, for he sees it as furthering his interests. The only way to tell the difference between Haman and Esther is at such a feast. For it is here the reasons for attending revealed. Esther’s reason is to save her life and the life of her people, while Haman looks to improve his image and standing in the community of rulers.

6 And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What [is] thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: and what [is] thy request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed. The language of the king shows the approachableness of God. He looks for our petitions and requests. They need to relate to his kingdom, not to this world, or they may not be granted.

7 Then answered Esther, and said, My petition and my request [is]; 8 If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do to morrow as the king hath said. Her attitude is worthy of note. If I have found favor is the key phrase here. She would not presume he would be willing to come. If it please the king is equally important for she honors the King’s authority. She accepts his determination of the matter without reserve. It is his discretion to grant or withhold. Haman was under the impression after his first meeting at this special banquet he was still in charge as before. So the first banquet spoke of the first meeting of this system of religion with the Lord, two thousand years ago. Even though he killed Messiah there was no result for him, and so he continued to do as he always did. In fact he became bold in his determination to press his will on the king.

Put to death

Vector illustration of a man lock up in prison

11 All the king’s servants, and the people of the king’s provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner court, who is not called, [there is] one law of his to put [him] to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days. This ruling is true, everyone knows this, because the information told in God’s word through Israel. Everyone who presents themselves will die, except those who receive mercy. No one can presume to be worthy, for none are worthy to come before his presence.

12 And they told to Mordecai Esther’s words. 13 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king’s house, more than all the Jews. The answer from the Lord is we have no choice in the matter. If you do not take up the cause of your fellows, you will die at the hands of the enemy. Even those who ought to feel they are righteous and therefore exempt, should think again, because there are none worthy. As righteous as they think they are, they are still Jews and come under the decree.

14 For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, [then] shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father’s house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for [such] a time as this? God will save his people without your help. So do not imagine yourself a vital part of his process of redemption just because you have the power to right the wrong. You have an opportunity to contribute, which you take up or forgo. Disregard the opportunity to help and you and yours will lose the inheritance. Your involvement in the truth may only be to help someone God wants to save. How fortunate you are then, that you have this chance, as you may be saved as well.

15 Then Esther bade [them] return Mordecai [this answer], 16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish. The resolve is to do it no matter the result. You lose your life for the kingdom of heaven’s sake, in the hope of mercy, which is at the discretion of God to extend or withhold. Your approach to God is not according to law. The fasting connects to the three days and three nights the grave held the Lord before the resurrection. This resurrection made it possible for the saints to approach God. All should fast in this time, carrying the idea everything depended on this event.

17 So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him. It also showed the Lord did it for Esther. She asked him to fast for the three days and this is what he did, in dying, and remained neither eating nor drinking for this period. At the end of which time, with his resurrection, it was possible for the saints to now go into the presence of the throne of God and receive mercy, according to God’s will. The cause of the truth is not to be righteous, because you are not, but to represent your people, at the risk of your own life. One who does this will receive mercy.


None might enter the king’s gate

spaceship with planet earth


This man Mordicai is the hero in the story, and he shows himself faithful to the king. The timing is fortuitous, and the circumstances contrived, but the plot makes perfect sense.

1 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry. This was the Lord’s work in his ministry. Not arrayed in gorgeous clothes as if celebrating a marvelous period in the history of the world. He came as one in mourning for man’s condition. His message was one of danger and fear.

2 And came even before the king’s gate: for none [might] enter into the king’s gate clothed with sackcloth. In the kingdom of God there is none of this misery and despair, so he might not enter in this condition. Not even the Lord, who is righteous, can pass over while mortal.

3 And in every province, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. There was no hope of life for Jews in the world, whether under the law or not. Haman and his like were not afraid, they did not appear under threat, for they were doing the business of the king, so the decree could not touch them. They had made a covenant with death that it touch them not.

4 So Esther’s maids and her chamberlains came and told [it] her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received [it] not. Her reaction was to dispel the gloom, but this not acceptable to the Lord. It was not fitting for Esther to go about this life unaware of the impending danger into which she would find herself thrust. The chamberlains are teachers and preachers who tell of man’s condition.

5 Then called Esther for Hatach, [one] of the king’s chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it [was], and why it [was]. What Esther needed to know was what it was, and why it was? This is the message of the New Testament in particular, sent by the Lord and his disciples. Hatach as a chamberlain of the king appears to be an angel specifically charged with the welfare of the Esther class of people. In much the same way as Gabriel was in charge of the arrangements in Israel.

6 So Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which [was] before the king’s gate. It is possible for him to pass over from the presence of the king to the streets of the city. He is an angel. In the parable he is likely one of the angels who attended the Lord in his despair.

7 And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him, and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king’s treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them. What happened to the Lord at the hands of the leaders in Israel is known of God. In the story the information is told by the chamberlain. The Gospel message shows all the Lord experienced, and an important part of the message is the sum of money Haman offered to pay. We have already discussed the significance of this as it is presented in the parable, but it cannot be over stressed. The whole story has its focus. Miss it and you will miss it all.

8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew [it] unto Esther, and to declare [it] unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people. The message of Christ’s ministry sends all we need to know about the decree and the affect. The charge spelled out. We are to enter into the throne of God and ask for our own deliverance and the deliverance for our people. This is our job. We are the ones to do it.

9 And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai. 10 Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him commandment unto Mordecai. The protest from Esther is an interesting one. She will give up her life if she does nothing. She may lose her life if she presents herself before the king and does not receive mercy. It is a dilemma, but it is the way it is. Those who claim otherwise are as Haman, offering to pay the price to gain title to acceptance.

The kingdom of heaven


To gain an insight into the thinking of Haman that is so offensive to God we need to see him through the eyes of the Lord. The most interesting connection to Haman found in Matthew 18:23. Here in a parable the essence of the story of Haman is presented.

23 Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants. 24 And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents. The ten thousand talents give us the connection. There is no other mention of ten thousand talents except in Esther where Haman promises to pay to the king’s treasury ten thousand talents. This man owed it to the king’s treasury. This sum is equal to one third of the annual income of the king of Persia. It was a huge sum of money, a king’s ransom. How could any ordinary person pay such an amount.

25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. His wife and children held responsible for the debt as well. The debt this parable speaks of is the debt we owe God for the sins we commit. It affected all in the household, his wife and children as well. It is far more than we can pay, but this man, in the Lord’s parable, like Haman, promised to pay all.

26 The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. He imagined given time, and favorable circumstance he would pay the debt and be free. It equals saying he could save himself from the affect of sin. He could provide the redemption money. He could keep the commandment. He could be righteous.

27 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. The Lord knew he could not pay such an amount so God provided the way of our release. He had compassion and forgave us the debt through his son. But this man, with no idea of the body of Christ, tried to make his brethren pay all they owed him, based on his right to have what he was entitled to have. If they did this, he would be able to make up the balance.

28 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took [him] by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. His brother did not deny the debt. He offered to pay what would have been a trifling amount compared to the other. It was possible he be able, if given time, to restore this amount to his brother, but this merciless man threw him into prison, making it impossible to pay in a reasonable time, and turning his life upside down.

29 And his fellow servant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. All he had to do was wait a little while, but he would not, and insisted on payment in full immediately.

30 And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. Others who saw the unreasonableness of this action, and out of concern for the plight of this other poor wretch, his wife and children, mentioned it in their prayers to God. The matter brought to God’s attention by his faithful servants, God acted swiftly to call the wicked one to account.

31 So when his fellow servants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done. The fellow servants were just doing their job, helping their brethren cope with all that assaulted them. Busy banding together to stand against the enemy, they discovered the enemy in their midst, and mentioned these actions to God.

32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me. He wished to be free of the debt and his request granted even before he asked. And yet he insisted on his rights from this other. He genuinely believed he could pay if only everyone else paid too. He believed he had the right to make everyone else pay their dues because they prevented him paying his. But to do this he had to be a Haman.

33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellow servant, even as I had pity on thee? Everyone can see the issue because of the way the parable is put, but how many expect their brethren to do more than they themselves do, simply because they owe. Haman was so full of his own rightness and importance this man Mordicai and his people crushed because they failed to do what he expected of them. He did not accept the grace of the king who made him ruler. He imagined he was in that position by right, or because he deserved to be there. It is clear he wanted to take the place of the king, and imagined he could.

34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. How long do you think it would take to pay under those conditions. No one is worthy. No one can pay the price of his own redemption. It is not ours by right but by grace. This same measure of mercy should be shown to our fellow servants.

35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses. It is not a matter of forgetting and putting up with the loss like a petulant child. It involves forgiving from the heart, knowing we have mercy, and need to show some to others to be like God. Those who want to be like God will inherit the kingdom.

You may say, it is just as well we went to the parable of the Lord for we would not have discovered Haman’s thinking without it, but clearly put within the story, it is just helpful to see the issue elsewhere.